Girls, below the age of 15 years are twice as likely as boys of the same age, to have collecting water as their main household responsibility. In 12% of households children harbor the primary responsibility for collecting the water.
According to UN Gender and Water for Life, in Benin, girls ages 6-14 spend an average of one hour a day collecting water compared with 25 minutes for their brothers. In Malawi, there are large variations in the amount of time allocated for water collection based on seasonal factors, but women consistently spend four to five times longer than men on this task. In Tanzania, a survey found school attendance to be 12 per cent higher for girls in homes located 15 minutes or less from a water source than in homes one hour or more away. Attendance rates for boys appeared to be far less affected by distance from water sources.